Anhydrous ammonia is a strong alkali that can cause death or severe injury to body tissue due to its caustic, corrosive, freezing and dehydrating action. Trainer's Note Review this module in advance. Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals, and animal wastes. 2.3 : Toxic gas. As a fertilizer, it provides essential nitrogen for plants and is imperative that proper precautions are taken to ensure that it is handled correctly. %PDF-1.6 %���� Environmentally hazardous substance or mixture. endstream endobj 346 0 obj <. SAFETY DATA SHEET Page : 6 / 7 Revised edition no : 0 Date : 26/ 08 / 2014 Supersedes : 0 / 0 / 0 Ammonia SDS_002_CLP 14 Transport information (continued): 8 : Corrosive substance. When inside inappropriate pressure cylinders (e.g. Ammonia easily dissolves in water, and in this form is known as liquid ammonia, aqueous ammonia or ammonia solution. It is stored and transported as a liquefied gas in pressurized tanks. What Does Ammoniation Cost? Some chemical/physical properties of ammonia are: Anhydrous ammonia gas is lighter than air and will rise, so that generally it dissipates and does not settle in low-lying areas. Anhydrous ammonia has potentially explosive reactions with strong oxidizers. It is a clear, colourless liquid under pressure. Ammonia is colourless, acrid smelling, high water-soluble gas at room temperature, also referred to as anhydrous (“without water”) ammonia. “Because the vapors hug the ground initially, the chances for humans to … 360 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B8A5DBCDC5E114694EDBF524699B48D><11B9D998AB8FD549B67742C06364294A>]/Index[345 26]/Info 344 0 R/Length 78/Prev 61011/Root 346 0 R/Size 371/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream A storage tank is … Anhydrous ammonia corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green color. It easily dissolves in water to form a solution called Ammonium Hydroxide or Aqueous Ammonia. Anhydrous ammonia reacts to form explosive products, mixtures or compounds with mercury, gold, silver, iodine, bromine, silver oxide and silver chloride. Ammonia is widely used in the production of many nitrogenous chemicals, such as ammonium nitrate fertilizer. A majority (80%) of all manufactured ammonia is used as agricultural fertilizer, a third of which is directly applied to soil as anhydrous ammonia. This guidance is intended to supplement - not replace - the Minnesota Anhydrous Ammonia Rules, Parts 1513. %PDF-1.5 %���� Anhydrous ammonia is stored as a liquid under pressure. 916 0 obj <>/Encrypt 900 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<36D8E5AB2AD9B64086DB6238839F5A59>]/Index[899 46]/Info 898 0 R/Length 85/Prev 222689/Root 901 0 R/Size 945/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. Ammonia gas dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. Higher exposures may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. WQA Technical Fact Sheet: Ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the water. @�� s� t�W Table 4 gives an example of these costs. Ammonia has alkaline properties and is corrosive. SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Liquid anhydrous ammonia expands 850 times when released to ambient air and can form large vapor clouds. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure. Anhydrous ammonia (also called ammonia) consists of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3). 944 0 obj <>stream These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. Pressurized tanks of any kind may rupture if heated. �n meat, dairy, processed foods and drinks). This fact sheet was prepared by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture to provide information on some of the State of Minnesota requirements for facilities, which store, handle and use anhydrous ammonia on their premises. What is it?1 Anhydrous Ammonia is a colorless, corrosive and highly irritating gas with a sharp, suffocating odor. Use of Aqueous Ammonia, where possible, is a safer Review the fact sheet "Safe Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia" included with this module. Ammonia is also produced in the human body and is commonly found in nature. Ammonia is corrosive. Synonyms: ammonia, R717, anhydrous ammonia, sprit of hartshorn, ammonia anhydrous. In pure form it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). Contact with liquid Ammonia can cause frostbite. When released to the environment, though, it becomes a toxic gas. Anhydrous ammonia can be found in the DOT Emergency Response Guidebook under Number 125. Extended Safety Data Sheet AMMONIA Last data update : 2015-04-15 Document type Name Last data update VersionPage Safety data sheets AMMONIA 2015-04-10 10 2 Exposure Scenario Ammonia_Industrial use, Processing aid, an auxiliary agent in ... Anhydrous ammonia : Netherlands : MAC - STEL (15min; mg/m³) : 36 Its odor allows it to be noticed at low concentrations. AMMONIA FACT SHEET International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG A not-for-profit organization. Ammonia is a gas at normal temperatures and pressure. A pound of liquid Anhydrous Ammonia will generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor and 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas. As a refrigerant, it can be found at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities (e.g. Anhydrous ammonia forms explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate. Ammonia Fact Sheet for Clinicians Introduction: ... Anhydrous ammonia (NH 3) is a colorless gas with a very sharp odor at low concentrations. At minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-33 degrees Celsius), ammonia becomes a liquid. Because ammonia is a gas at temperatures above –28° F, it is compressed and kept as a liquid in tanks that withstand high pressure for transport and storage. to the fact that it is both water- and lipid-soluble. Anhydrous ammonia is considered nonflammable; however, at very high concentrations in air [15-28% (150,000-280,000 ppm)], it will explode if ignited. A powerful fertilizer delivering nitrogen to topsoil, anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a popular-but-dangerous chemical applied onto farmlands across the US at the beginning of planting season. Ammonia vapor, in concentrations of 16-25% volume by weight in air, is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. The severity of health effects depends on the route of exposure, the dose and the duration of exposure. h�bbd``b`Z$g�3 ��bi�Xw@�$؜A�x���"�A�����KL��/�,Fb���? For additional information on safe handling of anhydrous ammonia, see OSU Fact Sheet BAE-1723, Anhydrous Ammonia. 0 Because it does come with its disadvantages, take a look at these NH3 safety and management tips to keep your farm and your employees safe. Ammonia ammonia; anhydrous ammonia Gas. ANHYDROUS AMMONIA -- Chemical Fact Sheet. Upon application the pressurised liquid converts immediately to the gaseous form. In nature, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes. Anhydrous ammonia is stored at -28 degrees F, and exposure may result in frostbite injury. Z�\(8���x�(t�nzP6���w��YԴ�N��������LOJ(��~�ӣI�7�m�"ҹf. 370 0 obj <>stream t?>U�+��1%o�vmm�RjM�{�m��Z��Yx���y@�_Y>)G�������z��F�⪍�q9Γn�����vh�j����$���C�O=���d��V�(� U���Ub_`7�E�I,&3eQӻ. Exposure to high concentrations in the air causes immediate burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death. FACT SHEET Ammonia CAS Number: 7664-41-7 Office of the Executive Director June 2014 TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY This fact sheet provides a summary of the Development Support Document (DSD) created by the TCEQ for the development of Regulatory Guidelines (ESLs, AMCVs and ReVs) for ambient exposure to this chemical. endstream endobj startxref ��b�1ح��E��gn��);��֓'���5�D �[��3��`��]��6E[�ʁ��l�,��O�]��{eW�nn;I u۩@~�4� ���v i,P�k�V׺W�W����Ub��w�a��h�-��@�s�y ��N%�UW�=�ϕY���ƕ��V^LC@�T���V� ��I�԰�*�c6����>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(��֦��:����V�joI��gi��\)ׁy)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(x��������mb�"H )/V 4>> endobj 901 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 897 0 R/StructTreeRoot 41 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 902 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 897 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 903 0 obj <>stream It is essential in the body as a building block for making proteins and other complex molecules. In water, most of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions (NH +). Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. %%EOF The primary direct costs associated with ammoniation include costs for anhydrous ammonia, polyethylene sheeting, and labor. Objective: To learn the necessary safety precautions for towing anhydrous ammonia tanks. h�b```g``�g`f`�:��ǀ |@1 �8�Շ�a It is also produced when plants, animals and animal wastes decay. ]�A�m�@���%�H͓����,����>�/�����L!mZ�b��*����-U1�H���D�vSA� NO����t;��.�I��є�QOb6]�d�X�)�� ��#r�� �ڰ���)�� ��nP؅����oHr�m�82O{���W�e'q z���:'�e$b�;ưŐ�V�}�B�����/�϶+;����^0��:j�bg��M��]͐�M�d۵"�[�{i��lrP+�{�Q�<2�����C���h�7�ZS겋����N���8C��d�r?Rx'�U`�(|����z�u.��[-#=ά�f�Ve6�O���>R�>( $a!����Ƨ���r;7/)��7Ռ�z�L�{l����� �����=�2 Z�Sn������(��x��^4������yf v0+���G�yb�p�=t��+���ݻ�a Land transport ADR/RID H.I. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. • Inhalation exposures:Inhalation of even diluted household ammonia 0 ���&�A�^��� =SS���7p���7��h����/�s�-�/F�����+�$��$�a�HR+�u@i�~���`0Á7�au�Z�o&�*�>[8�۰ [*�����5�vp�j�ojg�ZO��2ܦ.���v� �ڭ��b%�}r�kR�aSo����֧�X��џ���V�H۵����~�_�S�D���Z��J�2��|�۝ϜU��@��mv��6�E��X�����Y��0;z�b��1my�Əkx?�V3��`QK-�p�y]��d�Wc�O�FҊsb�Z�G���G�Q�I��?�.K蜦n�y����*�U��C��dogԾ: ��&>��ad�&����C��K[3��0�-�֙��ӌ�2;Ā��d+D����N[K���� Identification::: Chemical name :ammonia Supplier's details : Ammonia Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. Anhydrous ammonia is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in the manufacture of ammonium nitrate based fertilisers and explosives. “As liquid anhydrous ammonia is released from its container into the air, it expands rapidly, forming a large cloud that acts like a heavier-than-air gas for a period of time,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds. How Ammonia is Used Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment and is a commonly used industrial chemical. Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. Anhydrous ammonia is a highly effective fertilizer that helps farmers feed our growing population and replenish nutrients in the soil. ammonia is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas and lighter than air. Point out the selection of the proper hitch pin for the tank, SMV signs, and other warning signs. 345 0 obj <> endobj Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. It may aerosolize and behave as a dense gas, even though it is normally lighter than air. This flyer is a resource to ensure facilities are aware that ammonia (anhydrous) is a chemical of interest (COI) under the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). Anhydrous means without water, therefore anhydrous ammonia denotes pure ammonia without water. endstream endobj startxref %%EOF The ammonia then combines with water in the soil to form ammonium (NH4+) ions as depicted in the following equation: h�bbd``b`ׁ� �tH�: 6�u��"V��X�%$X,��w:�Pl^����A�20,��_�3� �z] However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. This fact sheet and the Growing Safely Anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities. • Dermal exposures:Concentrated ammonia may produce liquefaction necrosis and deep penetrating burns. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing. Because of this, anhydrous ammonia should be treated as a flammable gas. In enclosed circulating aqua cultural systems, ammoniacal Any individual or facility that possesses 10,000 lb or more of ammonia (anhydrous)—expected to be less than 10% water—must report their chemical holdings to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). The UN Number for anhydrous ammonia is 1005 and is placarded Class 2.2, Nonflammable gas. �E� .p003Ҽ`�@����Ϡ���``=�w!� � ���SM��8�hi�u@zX. SIZING ANHYDROUS AMMONIA STORAGE TANKS Anhydrous Ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F. Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. how is ammonia converted into a fertilizer? Personal protection is the responsibility of both the employer and the employee. 899 0 obj <> endobj A demonstration of the proper way to tow anhydrous ammonia tanks can be done at the training session. 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