Reviewed in the United States on March 20, 2016. I heard King's voice speaking every word of every chapter. Behind the Dream: The Making of the Speech that Transformed a Nation by Clarence B. Jones and Stuart Connelly. All I can say after reading this book is WOW - what an amazing story. Unable to add item to List. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. I bought this book for a number of reasons. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. I am pretty stanchly anti-organized religion because of my perceptions about folks not living their beliefs at all times (which is a really, really tall order, I realize), but this book brought me back to questions my personal opinions, prejudices, and beliefs about religion and the practice thereof. Incredibly informative and captivating too. When a mostly white jury acquitted the police officers who were caught on video beating Rodney King, it set off the L.A. riots of 1992. Flush with victory, African American civil rights leaders … The famed civil rights leader was also a preacher, philosopher, and orator. But that's just me. On April 3, he gave his final and what proved to be an eerily prophetic speech, “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop,” in which he told supporters at the Mason Temple in Memphis, "I've seen the promised land. But King also rebelled against his father’s more conservative influence by drinking beer and playing pool while at college. Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He took over the small, struggling Ebenezer Baptist church with around 13 members and made it into a forceful congregation. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. But he met with increasing criticism and public challenges from young Black power leaders. King recalls a nurturing family life—closely interwoven with activities in his father’s church—which conditioned him to be optimistic about human nature. He thrived in all his studies, and was valedictorian of his class in 1951, and elected student body president. Other than that, I could have made better use of my time. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. The newlyweds moved to A.D.'s home in Atlanta. At first, the local chapter of the NAACP felt they had an excellent test case to challenge Montgomery's segregated bus policy. The one highlight for me was reading Dr. King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail. King's participation in the organization gave him a base of operation throughout the South, as well as a national platform. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. During his time at University Martin Luther King became aware of the vast inequality and injustice faced by black Am… We have sometimes given our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were being treated. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. King is the youngest child of Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King. Realizing the incident would hurt the city's reputation, Atlanta's mayor negotiated a truce and charges were eventually dropped. Buy The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr New Ed by Martin Luther King Jr (ISBN: 0787721865148) from Amazon's Book Store. Andrew Young Jr. was an activist for the civil rights movement alongside Martin Luther King Jr. King met with religious and civil rights leaders and lectured all over the country on race-related issues. Mays was an outspoken advocate for racial equality and encouraged King to view Christianity as a potential force for social change. When he went to one of the boys' house, their mother met him at the front door and told him in a rude tone tha… On August 28, 1963, the historic March on Washington drew more than 200,000 people in the shadow of the Lincoln Memorial. The greatest way to do that is through love. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. By 1960, King was gaining national exposure. From late 1965 through 1967, King expanded his civil rights efforts into other larger American cities, including Chicago and Los Angeles. He had grown tired of marches, going to jail, and living under the constant threat of death. The Rev. M. Luther King attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, (segregated schooling) and then went to study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania and Boston University. Passed it onto my teenage son who is equally fascinated. A very enjoyable and educational read about a very strong willed and passionate man for freedom of all people through peaceful protest. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. He sought to broaden his base by forming a multi-racial coalition to address the economic and unemployment problems of all disadvantaged people. Please try again. Not wanting to alienate southern judges by violating the restraining order, a different approach was taken. He led non-violent protests to fight for the rights of all people including African Americans. In February 1958, the SCLC sponsored more than 20 mass meetings in key southern cities to register Black voters in the South. Martin Luther King Jr.(born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptistminister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movementfrom 1955 until his assassinationin 1968. In 1948, King earned a sociology degree from Morehouse College and attended the liberal Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. King attended Booker T. Washington High School, where he was said to be a precocious student. This resulted in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, authorizing the federal government to enforce desegregation of public accommodations and outlawing discrimination in publicly owned facilities. In the spring of 1963, King organized a demonstration in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. The shooter, a malcontent drifter and former convict named James Earl Ray, was eventually apprehended after a two-month, international manhunt. During the work on his doctorate, King met Coretta Scott, an aspiring singer and musician at the New England Conservatory school in Boston. On August 28, 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke the words: “I have a dream.” In his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail, King eloquently spelled out his theory of non-violence: "Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community, which has constantly refused to negotiate, is forced to confront the issue.". A generation of young people has come out of decades of shadows to face naked state power; it has lost its fears, and experienced the majestic dignity of a direct struggle for its own liberation. The bus driver noted that there were several white men standing and demanded that Parks and several other African Americans give up their seats. He was a popular student, especially with his female classmates, but an unmotivated student who floated through his first two years. In the 1970s, FBI files, released under the Freedom of Information Act, revealed that he was under government surveillance, and suggested his involvement in adulterous relationships and communist influences. Martin Sr. was more the disciplinarian, while his wife's gentleness easily balanced out the father's strict hand. Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. By the end of the Birmingham campaign, King and his supporters were making plans for a massive demonstration on the nation's capital composed of multiple organizations, all asking for peaceful change. He married Jennie Celeste Parks and they had one child that survived, Alberta. In the fall of his senior year, he told his father of his decision. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Check out the biography to know about his childhood, life and timeline. He became a member of Congress, mayor of Atlanta and U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. By August of 1960, the sit-ins had been successful in ending segregation at lunch counters in 27 southern cities. His wife, Susan Ann Carson, is managing editor of the. The life of Martin Luther King Jr. Any number of historic moments in the civil-rights struggle have been used to identify Martin Luther King, Jr. — prime mover of the Montgomery bus boycott, keynote speaker at the March on Washington, youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate. When they refused to leave the counter area, King and 36 others were arrested. Relevant and insightful, THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. offers King's seldom disclosed views on some of the world's greatest and most controversial figures: John F. Kennedy, Malcolm X, Lyndon B. Johnson, Mahatma Gandhi, and Richard Nixon. She sat in the first row of the "colored" section in the middle of the bus. Though his counsel was invaluable to King, many of his other supporters urged him to distance himself from Rustin. In January 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy and 60 ministers and civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to harness the moral authority and organizing power of Black churches. Martin Luther King Jr Biography Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader of civil rights movement in US. He was the son of Alberta Christine (Williams), a schoolteacher, and Martin Luther King Sr., a pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. There were a few sections that were duplicative, but overall I thought it was an excellent, absorbing read. Martin's honesty and quest for justice rings throughout. In the big storm of Brexit it is a must to read about the struggles of the civil right movements in the US. Discussions on the concepts of power and love and nonviolence and violence were exceptional. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World Eye-opening, and insightful. Written as though King himself had chosen every word, this gives much needed insight into key phases of King's life, the Civil Rights struggle and his tremendous speeches. (2) MLK is the kind of religious man we see way too rarely - a man who lives his beliefs every minute of every day. Biography: Martin Luther King, Jr. was a civil rights activist in the 1950s and 1960s. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15,1929 - April 4, 1968) Dr. King was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. Extremely engaging and very well compiled. That evening, 42-year-old Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus to go home after an exhausting day at work. King's struggle continued throughout the 1960s. Martin Luther King, Jr., original name Michael King, Jr., (born January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.—died April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee), Baptist minister and social activist who led the civil rights movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. As a black man who has directly benefited from the Civil Rights Movement I feel a personal responsibility to advance the work of Dr. King. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. King was jailed along with large numbers of his supporters, but the event drew nationwide attention. He felt that America's involvement in Vietnam was politically untenable and the government's conduct in the war discriminatory to the poor. African American civil rights activist Bayard Rustin, who had studied Gandhi's teachings, became one of King's associates and counseled him to dedicate himself to the principles of nonviolence. 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